Programme Details

The PARADIGM project is funded under FP7-ICT-2009-5.

Project full title: "Photonic Advanced Research And Development for Integrated Generic Manufacturing"

Funding scheme: Collaborative project

Project Grant agreement no.: 257210

Project Start Date: 1 October 2010

Project End Date: 30 April 2015


The PARADIGM perspective

The generic foundry approach has attracted international attention; for example, that of Dr. Michael Lebby, president of the American Optoelectronics Industry Development Association (  At a workshop/forum of its Japanese sister organization OITDA in February 2009, Lebby concluded that Europe is leading the US in both III-V and silicon [photonics] foundries.

As a result of the pioneering work within the ePIXnet NoE Europe has a lead in the elaboration of the new paradigm.  In Asia we see no signs yet of a similar approach. Europe is, therefore, in a unique position to take the lead in the field of advanced PICs and their application, but time is pressing.


Open Access Business Model

Following the example of CMOS, PARADIGM sets out to establish a process chain which is completely new in its sector.  ‘Open-access’ in this context refers to the generic InP chip fab process which is openly accessible to all designers.

The key change over the present status quo is to clearly separate out the different functions within the process chain.  For example software based design tools embodying data about fab processes and its tolerances can be used to de-skill the design process from the point of view of designers who presently need a deep understanding of the InP fab.  Equally the fab need no longer have a detailed knowledge of the circuits being designed because its design rules are sublimated into the same toolset.  The fab can become ‘application blind’.

It seeks also to replace the present diversity of InP based processes with a small number of highly characterised and standardised generic processes.

By these means applications based companies will in the future gain access to the generic process either through their own design expertise or that of specialist design houses (which do not exist at the moment).  It also means that they can easily retain their own IP whilst the fabs IP rests in the generic process itself.